It seems hard to believe that the doctors of Ancient China knew about the vaccination of smallpox; predecessors of antibiotics  was used by Egyptian doctors, the formal support of the state medicine received in Ancient Rome; and the obvious existence of the simple method of anaesthetic were ignored for fifty years.
We have gathered for You the 100 most interesting facts about medicine, human organs, drugs, diseases, methods of prevention and therapy.
Interesting fact of medicine No. 1. The Hippocratic Oath. The Hippocratic oath  was not created by Hippocrates. In the original version, recorded by Hippocrates, banned the doctor to help abortion, was formulated the concept of medical confidentiality. The full version of the oath appeared much later of his death. In the USSR, the equivalent of the Hippocratic oath called "the Oath of physician of the Soviet Union" and was adopted in 1971. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the name was changed to "Oath of the Russian doctor." In 1999 it adopted a new text of the "Oath of a physician of Russia", which the doctor solemnly read out upon receipt of diploma of higher education.
Hydrogen peroxide for wound treatment, hydrogen Peroxide (hydrogen Peroxide) is impractical for the treatment of minor superficial wounds – it damages adjacent to the wound cells, significantly increasing the healing time. Hydrogen peroxide use for purification of complex wounds of pus, clots of blood and dirt before the introduction of the antiseptic solution.
Interesting fact from the history: the Maya authentically knew that the may grass (Moneses grandiflora) kills all the germs, modern medicines can only reduce their number.
Facial plastic surgery originated in the territory of modern India in the VI century BC, its main specialization was the reconstruction of the nose – cutting off the nose was the most common punishment for adultery.